Factory on manufacture of fuel pellets 1 ... 1,5 t/hour with chipper and grinder of rolled straw
Factory of such type can produce granules from almost all natural raw materials (bio mass). Logs and half logs and other wood wastes are supplied to the chopping machine (22) with the help of the transporter (23). From the chopping machine chips go the transporter (24) and then to the mechanized storage “moving floor” (1).
Rolled straw goes first to the delivery tray (26), then goes to the grinder for rolled straw. Grinded straw is transferred by pneumonic transporter to the mechanized storage “moving floor” (1). Fine raw materials are supplied by transport (or loader) and strewed on mechanized storage “moving floor” (1). Stockers of “moving floor” possess hydraulic engine and provide reciprocating movements. Wings of stockers are wedge-shaped and in the process of stockers’ movement raw materials are supplied to chain transporter (2) and then to disc separator (3) at controlled speed. In disc separator raw materials are spared form stones, roots etc that go to transportable container (not shown on the scheme), and the raw materials go to loading section of Grinding and drying machine (4). It also gathers combustion products from heat generator (4) and collects cold air from emergency pipe (6) (is not included into the complex of spare parts). First of all combustion products and cold air are mixed in automatically regulated proportion that provide substantial temperature of the coolant. Then the coolant is mixed with wet raw material and goes to Grinding and drying machine (4) where raw materials are grinded and dried going in the flow of the coolant up to dynamic classifier placed at the head of Grinding and drying machine (4). Dynamic classifier receives frequency from control panel (20) and conduct small and dry raw materials and returns big parts to the rotor, then this process repeats till the necessary wetness and degree of grinding is gained (details). Grinded and dried raw materials (hereinafter referred to as “flour”) go to sediment cyclone (8) at the expense of discharging created by exhauster. In the cyclone flour sediments due to centrifugal force and go down, worn out coolant is thrown out through the pipe (19). Form the cyclone flour goes to screw or chain transporter (9) through seal leg and then goes to granulator bunker (10). Inside the bunker there is a mechanism protecting flour from caking. Screw feed with regulated speed of supply transfer flour from the bunker to the pressure mixer. Water or steam is also sullied here. The mixer provides conditioning of the product that is reaching the level of flour wetness necessary for granulating process. From the mixer wet flour goes to pressure granulator (11) through divider of tramp iron. In pressure camera flour is pulled between turning matrix and pressing rolls and pushed through radial holes of matrix where the process of making granules goes on under big pressure. Granules pushed from the holes meet the immovable knife and are cut. Cut granules fall down and transferred out of pressure with the help of a sleeve. Granules possess high temperature after coming from pressure and are fragile that’s why they are transported by noria (12) to refrigerating column (13). Here the cyclone ventilator (16) inhales air through the layer of granules thus cooling them and inhaling part of not granulated flour into the cyclone. In the process of cooling wetness of granules decreases due to evaporation and granules are subject to physical and chemical changes. As a result they receive the necessary solidity, wetness and temperature. As a refrigerating column fills out the granules are transferred to the sorting section (14) where conditioned granules are separated from chips. Granules are unloaded through unloading necktube and are supplied to the noria of ready products (15). Chips are inhaled to the cyclone (16) and sent together with flour to the secondary pressure. Noria of the ready products transfers the granules to the bunker of ready production (17). Under the bunker there are electronic scales (18), the bunker’s stands possess crooks for Big-Bags. Filled Big-Bags are transported by loader of hydraulic machine to the storage of ready production. Heat generator in this type of construction can be filled with fuel either in manual way or in automatic way – from fuel bunker (7).filling of fuel bunker goes automatically due to return of part of flour from sediment cyclone (8) by the system of pneumonic transport. There is a possibility to fill fuel bunker by additional transport from raw materials storage or separate fuel storages (not shown at the scheme).
All production of “SPiKo” – from separate element up to complex ready-to-operate factories (including services of projecting, assembling, testing and start-up) – can be bought on lease.
What are the advantages of lease? It provides the enterprise with additional opportunities of access to modern and efficient technologies, increase in volumes and profitability of production, increase in quality of the production. That is why today lease in one of the most popular financial instrument for creation of new productions and modernization of the existing ones.
Comparing to other methods of buying equipment at the expense of attracted finance leasing possesses several big advantages and only few disadvantages.
Advantages of leasing
1. Opportunity to receive financing in the volume increasing value of a business because mortgaging security in leasing transactions is the object of leasing itself.
2. Buying equipment on lease does not change balance of own and borrowed finance that lets the enterprise receive bank credits at the same time with buying equipment on lease.
3. Buying equipment on lease let the enterprise cut expenses for taxation because:
3.1 Leasing payments in full volume are to be counted together with production prime cost thus they reduce taxable base and as a result reduce tax on profit.
3.2 VAD taken from leasing payments can be reckoned.
3.3 Due to buying equipment on lease its depreciation is considered accelerated thus tax on property is significantly decreased. In case if during the time of leasing contract the equipment is shown at the balance sheet of the Lessor, the Lessee has not to pay tax on property for the property bought in this period in accordance with this contract.
Disadvantages of leasing:
1. Necessity of advanced payment (20 or 30% dependent on the cost of equipment)
2. Necessity (as in our case) to sign trilateral contract that needs much more time to be adopted by all parties than bilateral one.
It is evident that these disadvantages do not overlap the advantages of leasing.
Leasing (or financial rent) – it is long term rent of equipment with following buying-out (right to buy-out) by the lessee.
Object of leasing – in our case – separate elements or complex factories for producing wood pellets, briquettes, wood flour, granulated meal, wood particles etc.
Leasing contract – is the contract in accordance with which the Lessor (the Buyer) is obliged to buy the equipment specified by the Lessee from special Seller (in this case from “SPiKo, Ltd.”) or our official representative and provide due payment for timely possession of equipment with its following buying-out.
Main types of buying equipment on lease:
1. To present a number of documents for us to be sure in your financial opportunities.
2. To receive adoption of leasing company
3. To sign the leasing contract (and relevant documents if necessary)
4. Lessee has to pay in advance to the Lessor.
5. The Lessor has to pay for the equipment to the Seller.
6. To produce the equipment and transfer it to the Lessee.
7. The Lessee has to make leasing payments in favor of the Lessor.
8. To transfer the equipment to the property of the Lessee.
Main terms of receiving a lease:
1. The Lessee has to posses sufficient volume of profit necessary to supply leasing payments or to have a guarantee of an enterprise satisfying this demand.
2. Equipment bought on lease has to be highly liquid. It can be equipment with good recommendations produced by a trustworthy producer and possessing all necessary certificates. Our equipment satisfies these demands and this let us to sell already 3 factories on lease (including foreign buyers).
3. The Lessor has to be the resident of the same country as the Lessee.
Our assistance in receiving the lease:
1. Recommendations of leasing companies that cooperate actively with our company.
2. Decrease of advance payment received by our company from the leasing company.
3. Providing of services on pre-project preparation of created production and its start-up that decreases the risks both of the Lessor and the Lessee.
482 900 euro
667 300 euro
835 300 euro
* price without VAT
|The general dimensions
|Electric capacity, kW